Online Teaching & Learning

Selected Readings

Anagnostopoulos, D., Basmadjian, K.G., & McCrory, R.S. (2005). The decentered teacher and the construction of social space in the virtual classroom. Teachers College Record, 107(8), 1699-1729.

Blanchette, J. (2001).  Questions in the online learning environment. Journal of Distance Education, 16(2), 37-57. Retrieved from

Blanchette, J. (2009). Characteristics of teacher talk and learner talk in the online learning environment. Language and Education, 23(5), 391-407.

Bradley, M. E., Thom, L. R., Hayes, J., and Hay, C. (2008). Ask and you will receive: How question type influences quantity and quality of online discussions. British Journal of Educational Technology, 39(5), 888-900. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8535.2007.00804.x

Chan, J. C. C., Hew, K. F., & Cheung, W. S. (2009). Asynchronous online discussion thread development:  Examining growth patterns and peer-facilitation techniques.  Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 25, 438-452.

Clarke, L. W., & Kinne, L. (2012). More than words: Investigating the format of asynchronous discussions as threaded discussions or blogs. Journal of Digital Learning in Teacher Education, 29(1), 4-13.

Cox, B., & Cox, B. (2008). Developing interpersonal and group dynamics through asynchronous threaded discussions: The use of discussion board in collaborative learning.  Education, 128(4), 553-565.

Cranney, M., Wallace, L., Alexander, J. L., & Alfano, L. (2011). Instructor’s discussion forum effort: Is it worth it? Journal of Online Learning and Teaching, 7(3), 337-348. Retrieved from

Ferdig, R. E., & Roehler, L. R. (2003-2004). Student uptake in electronic discussions: Examining online discourse in literacy preservice classrooms. Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 36(2), 119-136.

Garcia, A. C., & Jacobs, J. B. (1999). The eyes of the beholder: Understanding the turn-taking system in quasi-synchronous computer-mediated communication. Research on Language and Social Interaction, 32(4), 337-367. doi:10.1207/S15327973rls3204_2

Haavind, S. (2007). An interpretive model of key heuristics that promote collaborative dialogue among online learners. Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks, 11(3), 39-68. Retrieved from

Hew, K. F., & Cheung, W. S. (2012). Student participation in online discussions: Challenges, solutions, and future research. New York: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4614-2370-6

Hew, K., Cheung, W., & Ng, C. (2010). Student contribution in asynchronous online discussion: A review of the research and empirical exploration. Instructional Science, 38(6), 571-606.

Hewitt, J. (2005). Toward an understanding of how threads die in asynchronous computer conferences. The Journal of Learning Sciences, 14, 567-589. doi:10.1207/s15327809jls1404_4

Jin, S. H. (2005). Analyzing student-student and student-instructor interaction through multiple communication tools in web-based learning. International Journal of Instructional Media, 32(1), 59-67.

Johnson, G. M. (2006). Synchronous and asynchronous text-based CMC in educational contexts: A review of recent research. Tech Trends, 50(4), 46-53.

Lapadat, J. C. (2007). Discourse devices used to establish community, increase coherence, and negotiate agreement in an online university course. Journal of Distance Education, 21(3), 59-92. Retrieved from

Lee, S., & Tsai, C. (2011). Identifying patterns of collaborative knowledge exploration in online asynchronous discussions. Instructional Science, 39(3), 321-347. DOI: 10.1007/s11251-010-9131-8

Littleton, K., & Whitelock, D. (2004). Guiding the creation of knowledge and understanding in a virtual learning environment. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 7(2), 173-181.

Littleton, K., & Whitelock, D. (2005). The negotiation and co-construction of meaning and understanding within a postgraduate online learning community. Learning, Media and Technology, 30(2), 147-164.

Lo, C. C., Johnson, E., & Tenorio, K. (2011). Promoting student learning by having college students participate in an online environment. Journal of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, 11(2), 1-15.

Mandernach, B. J., Forrest, K. D., Babutzke, J. L., & Manker, L. R. (2009). The role of instructor interactivity in promoting critical thinking in online and face-to-face classrooms. Journal of Online Learning and Teaching, 5(1), 49-62. Retrieved from

Mandernach, B. J., Gonzales, R. M., & Garrett, A. L. (2006). An examination of online instructor presence via threaded discussion participation. Journal of Online Learning and Teaching, 2(4), 248-260. Retrieved from

Maurino, P. S. M.  (2006-2007). Looking for critical thinking in online threaded discussions. Journal of Educational Technology Systems, 35(3), 241-260.

Meyer, K. A. (2003). Face-to-face versus threaded discussions: The role of time and higher-order thinking. Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks, 7(3), 55-65. Retrieved from discussions-role-time-and-higher-order-thinking

Morris, L. V., Xu, H., & Finnegan, C. L. (2005). Roles of faculty in teaching asynchronous undergraduate courses. Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks, 9(1), 65-82. Retrieved from

Pisutova-Gerber, K., & Malovicova, J. (2009). Critical and higher order thinking in online threaded discussions in the Slovak context. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 10(1),  1-16.

Rovai, A. P. (2007). Facilitating online discussions effectively. Internet and Higher Education,10, 77-88. doi:10.1016/j.iheduc.2006.10.001

Stansberry, S. L. (2006). Effective assessment of online discourse in LIS courses. Journal of Education for Library and Information Science, 47(1), 27-37.

Wallace, R. M. (2003). Online learning in higher education: A review of research on interactions among teachers and students. Education, Communication & Information, 3(2), 241-280.

Williams, R. S., & Humphrey, R. (2007). Understanding and fostering interaction in threaded discussion.  Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks.

Wishart, C., & Guy, R. (2009).  Analyzing responses, moves, and roles in online discussions. Interdisciplinary Journal of E-Learning and Learning Objects, 5, 129-144.

Zingaro, D. (2012). Student moderators in asynchronous online discussion: A question of questions. Journal of Online Learning and Teaching (JOLT), 8(3), 159-173. Retrieved from

Zingaro, D., & Oztok, M. (2012). Interaction in an asynchronous online course: A synthesis of quantitative predictors. Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks (JALN), 16(4), 71-82. Retrieved from